|Jangho Park1;Seockhoon Chung1;Hoyoung An2;Seungjin Park1;Chul Lee1;Seong Yoon Kim1;Jae-Dam Lee3; and Ki-Soo Kim4;
1;Department of Psychiatry, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul,
3;Department of Medical Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul,
4;Department of Pediatrics, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul,
2;Jeju Mental Sanatorium, Jeju, Korea
Objective : The purpose of the present study was 1) to identify factors that may influence academic stress in medical students and 2) to investigate the causal relationships among these variables with path analysis.
Methods : One hundred sixty medical students participated in the present study. Psychological parameters were assessed with the Medical Stress Scale, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Hamilton Depression Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Academic Motivation Scale. Linear regression and path analysis were used to examine the relationships among variables.
Results : Significant correlations were noted between several factors and Medical Stress scores. Specifically, Hamilton Depression Scale scores (β=0.26, p=0.03) and amotivation (β=0.20, p=0.01) and extrinsically identified regulation (β=0.27, p<0.01) response categories on the Academic Motivation Scale had independent and significant influences on Medical Stress Scale scores. A path analysis model indicated that stress, motivation, and academic performance formed a triangular feedback loop. Moreover, depression was associated with both stress and motivation, and personality was associated with motivation.
Conclusion : The triangular feedback-loop structure in the present study indicated that actions that promote motivation benefit from interventions against stress and depression. Moreover, stress management increases motivation in students. Therefore, strategies designed to reduce academic pressures in medical students should consider these factors. Additional studies should focus on the relationship between motivation and depression.
Academic performance;Depression;Medical school;Motivation;Stress.